Ureteric stones, also known as ureter stones or ureteral stones, are fundamentally kidney stones found in the ureters – the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Kidney stones are clumps of crystals that usually develop in the kidneys. But these clusters can form and advance anywhere along the urinary tract, which includes the bladder, urethra, and ureters.
What are bladder stones?
Transurethral cystolitholapaxy is a procedure performed to break down and remove bladder stones. The surgery is performed under local or general anaesthesia. During the procedure, you may be given antibiotics to prevent the risk of infection. Your doctor inserts a cystoscope (a small tube with a camera at the end) into the urethra and advances it into the bladder.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or benign prostatic hypertrophy is the enlargement of the prostate gland. The word "benign" means the cells are not cancerous. "Hyperplasia" means an increased number of cells. The prostate gland usually enlarges with age but doesn't usually cause problems. Symptoms are rarely seen before the age of 40, but over half of all men in their sixties and about 90%of men in their seventies and eighties show some symptoms of BPH.
Kidney stones can cause severe pain when they pass into the ureter. This pain is referred to by doctors as renal colic. Renal colic is caused by distension of the kidney because of the blockage of urine flow down the ureter. The pain can be very severe and will come in waves. Discomfort will persist until the stones are passed into the bladder.
Ureteric colic is a sudden onset of intolerable pain in the lower abdomen caused by obstruction in the ureter due to calculi or spasms. It is a medical emergency that has to be managed as soon as possible. About 5-12% of people may suffer from ureteric colic, due to obstructed urine flow by urinary tract stones. Among them 50% experience recurrence. This condition is mostly seen in adults.